State name The Sultanate of Oman
Capital Muscat
Other main cities ( Salalah, Nizwa, Sohar, Al Rustaq, Sur, Al Buraimi,

Musandam )

Official Language Arabic & widespread use of English
Religion Islam
Government Hereditary Sultanate
Ruler His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said
Constitution The Basic Law of the State 1996




The Land Area Of Oman

The land area of Oman amounts to about 309,500 km2; it is predominantly desert, including stony plains and areas of sand dunes; the largest of these are the Al Whahibah sands in the east and sand dunes of Rub’ Al Khali (or Empty Quarter) in the west. The Sultanate of Oman commands a coastline stretching for about 3165 km from the furthest point of the southeast on the Arabia Sea and the mouth of the Indian Ocean, to Musandam in the north; it then overlooks the strategic Strait of Hormuz at the point of entry to the Arabian Gulf.


Geographic Position

Oman is situated in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. It is surrounded by the sea on two sides, the sea of Oman to the northeast and the Indian Ocean to the southeast; it has joint land borders with Saudi Arabia to the west, Yemen to the south, and the United Arab Emirates to the north.


Oman History

Oman has a long history as a state and through its history has made a great contribution to civilization. At one time Oman was an influential seafaring nation whose foreign relationships extended as far as China, the USA, Britain and France. Omani ambassadors have been presenting their credentials in the capital cities of these countries for about 200 years.